NORTHERN VIETNAM

HANOI

  • Ha Noi is a capital and locates at the North of Viet Nam.
  • This is a largest city about nature square meter and the second biggest city after Saigon. This is the most important political center and also is the second city with high population density in Viet Nam, 6,5 million in 2009.
  • Since 2008, Ha Noi has 3344,7 km2 square meter including one town, 10 districts and 18 outskirt districts. Ha Noi is on fast development with the new and comfortable infrastructure system in the urban areas. Many modern buildings were built up due to the developed economy.
  • Ha Noi is one of the main tourist attraction in Viet Nam as its famous heritage site Ha Long Bay; the beautiful North-West as Sapa, Bac Ha; history site as Dien Bien Phu...
 
History:
  • Hanoi has been inhabited since at least 3000 BC. One of the first known permanent settlements is the Co Loa citadel founded around 200 BC.
  • Ha Noi has had many names throughout the history since under the domination of Chinese and French occupation.
  • In 1831, Minh Mang King named it “ Ha Noi”. Ha Noi became the capital of Viet Nam after the reunification on July 2, 1076.
 
Geography:
  • Hanoi is located in the Red River Delta, in the center of North Vietnam. It is encompassed by Thai Nguyen, Vinh Phuc provinces to the north, Hoa Binh and Ha Nam to the south, Bac Giang, Bac Ninh and Hung Yen provinces to the east, Hoa Binh and Phu Tho to the west.
  • Hanoi means "the hinterland between the rivers" (Ha: river, Noi: interior). Hanoi's territory is washed by the Red River (the portion of the Red River embracing Hanoi is approximately 40km long) and its tributaries, but there are some other rivers flowing through the capital, including Duong, Cau, Ca Lo, Day, Nhue, Tich, To Lich and Kim Nguu. (Source: vietnamtourism.com)